The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this chapter, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
Authorized emergency vehicle means vehicles of the fire department, police vehicles, and ambulances designated or authorized by the chief of police.
Block means a portion of any street located between two intersections next adjacent to each other.
Business district means the territory contiguous to a highway when 75 percent or more of frontage thereon for a distance of 300 feet or more is occupied by buildings in use for business.
Crosswalk means that portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongation or connection of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections. Any portion of a roadway distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
Driver means every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
Intersection means the area embraced within the prolongation of the lateral curblines or, if none, the lateral boundary lines of two or more highways which join one another at an angle, whether or not one such highway crosses the other.
Motor vehicle means every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle designed to run upon the highways which is pulled by a self-propelled vehicle. This shall not include mopeds as defined in G.S. 20-4.01(27)d1.
Official traffic control devices means all signs, signals, markings and devices not inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by authority of the board of commissioners or official having jurisdiction, for the purposes of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
Official traffic signals means any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.
Park means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading.
Pedestrian means any person afoot.
Police officer means every officer of the town police department or any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations.
Private road or driveway means every road or driveway not open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel as a matter of right.
Public conveyance means any vehicle other than a taxicab or railroad train for transporting for fare.
Railroad means a carrier of persons or property upon cars, other than streetcars, operated upon stationary rails.
Railroad train means a steam, electric or other motor engine, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails; except streetcars.
Residence district means the territory contiguous to a highway not comprising a business district when the frontage on such highway for a distance of 300 feet or more is mainly occupied by dwellings or by dwellings and buildings in use for business.
Right-of-way means the privilege of the immediate use of the roadway.
Roadway means that portion of a street improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel.
Safety zone means the area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
Sidewalk means that portion of a street between the curblines or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines, intended for the use of pedestrians.
Standing means any stopping of a vehicle, whether occupied or not.
Stop, when required, means complete cessation of movement.
Stop or stopping, when prohibited, means any stopping of a vehicle, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the direction of a police officer or traffic control sign or signal.
Street or highway means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of whatever nature, when any part thereof is open to the use of the public, as a matter of right for purpose of vehicular traffic.
Traffic means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any street for purposes of travel.
Vehicle means every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks; provided, that for the purposes of this chapter, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle.
(Code 1974, § 11-1)
Cross reference— Definitions and rules of construction generally, § 1-2.
No person shall willfully fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or direction given by a police officer.
(Code 1974, § 11-2)
Drivers of public vehicles. The provisions of this chapter shall apply to the driver of any vehicle owned by or used in the service of the United States government, this state, county or town, and it shall be unlawful for any such driver to violate any of the provisions of this chapter, except as otherwise permitted in this chapter or by state statute.
Persons propelling pushcarts, riding bicycles, driving animal drawn vehicles, etc. Every person propelling any pushcart or riding a bicycle or an animal upon a roadway, and every person driving any animal drawn vehicle, shall be subject to the provisions of this chapter applicable to the driver of any vehicle, except those provisions of this chapter which, by their very nature, can have no application.
Authorized emergency vehicles. The provisions of this chapter regulating the operation, parking and standing of vehicles shall apply to authorized emergency vehicles, except as follows:
A driver when operating such vehicle in an emergency, except when otherwise directed by a police officer, may:
Proceed past a red or stop signal, or stop sign, but only after slowing down as may be necessary for safe operation.
Park or stand, notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter.
Exceed the prima facie speed limits, so long as he does not endanger life or property.
Disregard regulations governing direction of movement or turning in specified directions, so long as he does not endanger life or property.
The exemptions contained in subsection (c)(1) shall not, however, protect the driver of any such vehicle from the consequences of his reckless disregard of the safety of others.
(Code 1974, §§ 11-4—11-6)
In the event of a fire or other emergency, or when necessary to expedite traffic or safeguard pedestrians, police officers may direct traffic as conditions may require, notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter.
(Code 1974, § 11-3)
No person shall board or alight from any public conveyance or other vehicle while such conveyance or vehicle is in motion.
(Code 1974, § 11-35)
No person shall enter, jump on or ride any automobile or other vehicle without the consent of the owner or driver.
(Code 1974, § 11-37)
No person riding upon any bicycle, motorcycle, coaster, sled, roller skates or any toy vehicle shall attach such vehicle or himself to any public conveyance or moving vehicle upon any roadway.
(Code 1974, § 11-7)